The New Testament writers held to the same belief:
- “How can you believe if you accept praise from one another, yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God?” John 5:44
- “Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.” 1 Timothy 1:17
- “to the only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority, through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and forevermore! Amen.” Jude 1:25
- “since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith.” Romans 3:30
- “yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live.” 1 Corinthians 8:6
- “one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.” Ephesians 4:6
- “For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,” 1 Timothy 2:5
- “Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.” Galatians 3:20
The logical and natural conclusion from these fourteen quotations—six from the Old Testament and eight from the New Testament—would be that there is only one single true God. In none of these verses is it even intimated that there might be three Gods—each is emphatic that God is one.
The Father Relationship.
When Paul was writing his first letter to the Corinthians he wrote (as noted previously), “yet for us there is but one God, the Father.” 1 Corinthians 8:6
“Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of compassion and the God of all comfort.”
It is quite remarkable that every occasion where a family membership is spoken in connection with God, that God is always, and only, referred to as a Father. This Father relationship was equally valid when it included Jesus:
- “ ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.” John 20:17
- “so that with one heart and mouth you may glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.” Romans 15:6
- “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ.” Ephesians 1:3
- “We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you,” Colossians 1:3
- “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!” 1 Peter 1:3
So the facts are obvious: when the New Testament refers to God, it is always referring to the Father. The phrases ‘God the Son’ and ‘God the Holy Spirit’ are not mentioned even once in the whole Bible! God is always ‘the Father’.
Jesus frequently addressed God as ‘Father’, implying that God was his father, as one would expect from the quotations provided in the previous section.
“I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does.” John5:19,20a
This was prophesied in the Old Testament.
“ ‘I will be his father, and he will be my son. I will never take my love away from him, as I took it away from your predecessor. I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne will be established forever.’ ” 1 Chronicles 17:13,14
The manner of birth of this person is given in the first chapter of Luke’s account of the Gospel.
“In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.’
“Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.’ ” Luke 1:26-33