“Furthermore, it is necessary to everlasting salvation: that he also believe rightly the Incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ. For the right faith is, that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man; God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds: and man., of the substance of his mother, born in the world; Perfect God and Perfect Man: of a reasonable soul, and human flesh subsisting; Equal to the Father, as touching the Godhead: and inferior to the Father, as touching his manhood, who although he be God and man: yet he is not two, but one Christ; one, not by the conversion of the Godhead into flesh: but by taking of the manhood into God; one altogether; not by confusion of substance: but by unity of Person. For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man: so God and man is one Christ; who suffered for our salvation, descended into Hell, rose again the third day from the dead; He ascended into heaven; he sitteth on the right hand of God Almighty: from whence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies: and shall give account for their own works. And they that have done good, shall go into life everlasting: and they that have done evil, into everlasting fire. This is the Catholic Faith: which except a man believe faithfully, he cannot be saved. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son: and to the Holy Ghost; as it was in the beginning, is now, and even shall be: world without end. Amen.”
The evolving of an 85-word Apostles’ Creed, through a 226-word Nicene Creed, to a mammoth 690-word Athanasian Creed, illustrates how simplicity can be philosophised into an unintelligible confusion of words.
It is clear from the development of these creeds that the ideas that now form the doctrine of the Trinity, did not belong to the days of Jesus and the apostles, but were developed some 300 to 400 years later. That is why it cannot be found in the Bible.
(The passage found in 1 John 5:7 is widely acknowledged as spurious, as it is not found in any Greek manuscript before the sixteenth century, or in any Syriac or Coptic versions).
Let us look at the New Testament to find out about the true Jesus Christ.
Same Person or Being?
“I and the Father are one.” John 10:30
This verse forms the basis of a claim that Jesus and God are one and the same person. The Greek word translated here as ‘one’ is ‘en’ [hen], which means one in essence. Had the intention been one numerically, the word used would have been ‘ei”’ [heis]. So the passage does not support unity in person, and this is confirmed by Jesus’ later comment concerning his followers:
“My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.” John 17:20–23
When Jesus was just hours away from his crucifixion, he prayed to his Father that there might be some alternative that could replace the horrific crucifixion.
““Abba, Father,” he said, “everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.” ” Matthew 14:36
It would be too much to accept that, under these circumstances, he would be praying to himself, or pleading with himself, to have the ‘cup’ removed! We note an important part of his mode of address, “Abba, Father.” The word ‘abba’ is Aramaic for ‘father’, and represents a very close dependence and family association. It underlines the true relationship between God and Jesus as Father and Son. It is a relationship between two different, but family-related, people. For this reason, it is also the mode of address of Jesus Christ’s followers in their relationship to the Father:
“For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.” The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children.” Romans 8:15,16
“Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, Father.” So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you also an heir.” Galatians 4:6,7
That Jesus and the Father are completely separate persons is further established from a comment he made to the Jews of his day.
“In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid. I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.” John 8:17,18.